SOURCE: Historical data and projections from 2013 Medicare Trustees’ Report. Compiled by PGPF.
NOTE: "Other" includes proceeds from the taxation of Social Security benefit, which help to finance Medicare Hospital Insurance costs, as well as drug fees and state transfers. General revenues are resources that come from the General Fund of the Treasury.
Medicare has three major sources of funding: payroll taxes paid by workers, premiums paid by beneficiaries, and subsidies from general revenue. One of the biggest misconceptions about Medicare is that it is self-financed through payroll taxes and beneficiary premiums alone. In truth, the program is heavily subsidized with general revenues, which accounted for nearly 42 percent of program financing in 2012. The composition of program financing has changed significantly over the past 40 years. In 1970, general revenues funded only 25 percent of the program.
"Dual Eligibles" Receive Benefits from Medicare and Medicaid
The Composition of Medicaid Spending
Medicaid and CHIP Cover Nearly One-Third of American Children
Medicare, Medicaid, and Nursing Home Care Costs
Medicaid Funds One-Third of National Home Health and Nursing Costs
Peter G. Peterson Foundation Chart Pack:
The PGPF chart pack illustrates that budget-making involves many competing priorities, limited resources, and complex issues. In this set of charts, we aim to frame the financial condition and fiscal outlook of the U.S. government within a broad economic, political, and demographic context.
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